The Evidence

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The Best they can do... “If this is the best they can do, why bother..?” Bandolier

This is a list of papers claimed, by homeopaths, as positive evidence in favour of homeopathy. It is compiled from three lists - "An Overview of Positive Homeopathy Research and Surveys" compiled by the European Network of Homeopathy Researchers (ENHR) in April 2005, "The Research Evidence Base for Homeopathy" compiled by the Faculty of Homeopathy (Fac Hom) and "Clinical Research Evidence in Favour of Homeopathy" from the British Homeopathic Association, incorporating the Homeopathic Trust (BHA). All three lists were accessed during January and February 2011. They have been modified since but are still to be found by means of a bit of judicious googling and obviously there are many more lists around of a similar nature, not least the (very similar) list submitted to the UK parliamentary committee which looked at state funding for homeopathy. It was felt though, these three were comprehensive and representative of the type of evidence homeopaths regard as convincingly positive for the effectiveness and efficacy of homeopathy.

The three lists have been combined, duplicates removed, sorted alphabetically then sub-divided into the categories. Out of a final total of 128 references 60 were from pro-homeopathic and alternative medicine journals (so are unreliable as evidence), of the rest twenty were either non-randomised (according to the BHA), uncontrolled, inadequately blinded or were observational studies or surveys (so, again worthless as evidence for something as unlikely as homeopathy), ten were in non-English language journals, two were unrelated to clinical homeopathy, one was a book and one was an anonymous editorial. Only 34 (roughly a quarter) were from mainstream, English language journals.

In the list that follows the referencing style of the original list has been preserved, each citation is followed by an acronym indicating the original list it was sourced from and, in some cases, an internal link which directs (in a new window) to the reference in standardised format in the main RationalVetMed index where links, responses and commentaries can be found.

Bear in mind when reading that this is some of the absolute best evidence that homeopaths can come up with. It is full of references to vague and difficult to define conditions - hayfever, flatulence, "wellbeing", “subjective impressions about treatment”, “burning sensations”, mild vertigo and so forth, and set about with weaselly qualifiers like “apparent”, “may”, “could be”, “further studies are required” etc... Many of them are vague about whether or how they have been blinded, controlled or randomised and many of them are just patient satisfaction surveys - the scientific equivalent of the head waiter coming up to you in the middle of the meal and asking if everything is ok (to which the usual answer is "yes, yes, fine, now just get lost and let me get on with my meal").

None of them, despite what homeopaths would have us believe, are any sort of proof that homeopathy is effective. Read on and prepare for enlightenment...

Mainstream Journals:

  1. Adler M. Efficacy, safety of a fixed-combination homeopathic therapy for sinusitis. Adv Ther 1999; 16: 103–111. ENHR [Internal link]
  2. Barnes J, Resch K-L, Ernst E. Homeopathy for postoperative ileus? A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 1997; 25: 628–633. BHA, Fac Hom [internal link]
  3. Bell I, Lewis D, Brooks A, et al. Improved clinical status in fibromyalgia patients treated with individualized homeopathic remedies versus placebo. Rheumatology 2004; 43: 577–582 []. BHA, ENHR, Fac Hom [internal link]
  4. Belon P, Cumps J, Ennis M, Mannaioni PF, Roberfroid M, Sainte-Laudy J, Wiegant FAC. Histamine dilutions modulate basophil activation. Inflamm Res 2004; 53: 181–8. ENHR, Fac Hom [internal link]
  5. Brydak LB, Denys A. The evaluation of humoral response and the clinical evaluation of a risk-group patients’ state of health after administration of the homeopathic preparation Gripp-Heel during the influenza epidemic season 1993/94. International Review of Allergology and Clinical Immunology 1999; 5: 223–227. BHA [internal link]
  6. Chapman EH, Weintraub RJ, Milburn MA, et al. Homeopathic treatment of mild traumatic brain injury: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 1999; 14: 521–542. BHA [internal link]
  7. Cucherat M, Haugh MC, Gooch M, Boissel JP. Evidence of clinical efficacy of homeopathy – A meta-analysis of clinical trials. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2000; 56: no. 1 27–33. ENHR, Fac Hom [internal link]
  8. Ernst E, Saradeth T, Resch KL. Complementary therapy of varicose veins – a randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind trial. Phlebology 1990; 5: 157–163. BHA [internal link]
  9. Ferley JP, Zmirou D, D’Adhemar D, Balducci F. A controlled evaluation of a homoeopathic preparation in the treatment of influenza like syndromes. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 1989; 27: 329–335. BHA [internal link]
  10. Frass M, Dielacher C, Linkesch M, et al. Influence of potassium dichromate on tracheal secretions in critically ill patients. Chest 2005; 127: 936–941. BHA [internal link]
  11. Frei H, Everts R, von Ammon K, et al. Homeopathic treatment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled crossover trial. European Journal of Pediatrics 2005; 164: 758–767. BHA [internal link]
  12. Friese K-H, Zabalotnyi DI. Homeopathy in acute rhinosinusitis. A double-blind, placebo controlled study shows the effectiveness and tolerability of a homeopathic combination remedy. HNO [German - ear nose and throat] 2007; 55: 271–7. BHA, Fac Hom [internal link]
  13. Gibson RG, Gibson SLM, MacNeill AD, Buchanan WW Homeopathic therapy in rheumatoid arthritis: evaluation by double-blind clinical therapeutic trial. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 1980; 9: 453-459. ENHR [internal link]
  14. Jacobs J, Jimenez LM, Gloyds SS, et al. Treatment of acute childhood diarrhea with homeopathic medicine; a randomized clinical trial in Nicaragua. Pediatrics 1994; 93: 719–725. BHA, ENHR [internal link]
  15. Jacobs J, Jonas WB, Jimenez-Perez M, Crothers D. Homeopathy for childhood diarrhea: combined results and metaanalysis from three randomized, controlled clinical trials. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2003; 22: 229–34. BHA, Fac Hom, ENHR [internal link]
  16. Jacobs J, Springer DA, Crothers D. Homeopathic treatment of acute otitis media in children: a preliminary randomized placebo-controlled trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2001; 20: 177–183. BHA, ENHR, Fac Hom [internal link]
  17. Jonas WB, Linde K, Ramirez G. Homeopathy and rheumatic disease – Complementary and alternative therapies for rheumatic diseases II. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 2000; 26: 117–23. Fac Hom [internal link]
  18. Jonas, W. B., Kaptchuk, T. J., & Linde, K. 2003b, "A critical overview of homeopathy", Ann.Intern.Med., vol. 138, no. 5, pp. 393-399. ENHR [internal link]
  19. Kim LS, Riedlinger JE, Baldwin CM, Hilli L, Khalsa SV, Messer SA, Waters RF. Treatment of Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis Using Homeopathic Preparation of Common Allergens in the Southwest Region of the US: A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 2005 Apr;39(4):617- 24. Epub 2005 Mar 1. BHA, ENHR [internal link]
  20. Kleijnen J, Knipschild P, Ter Riet G. Clinical trials of homoeopathy. British Medical Journal. 1991b;302:316-23. ENHR Fac Hom [internal link]
  21. Klopp R, Niemer W, Weiser M. Microcirculatory effects of a homeopathic preparation in patients with mild vertigo: an intravital microscopic study. Microvascular Research 2005; 69: 10–16. Non-randomised BHA [internal link]
  22. Linde K, Clausius N, Ramirez G, et al. Are the clinical effects of homoeopathy placebo effects? A meta-analysis of placebo-controlled trials. Lancet 1997; 350: 834–43. ENHR, Fac Hom [internal link]
  23. Linde K, Jonas WB, Melchart D, et al. Critical review and meta-analysis of serial agitated dilutions in experimental toxicology. Human and Experimental Toxicology 1994; 13: 481–92. ENHR, Fac Hom [internal link]
  24. Linde K, Scholz M, Ramirez G, et al. Impact of study quality on outcome in placebo controlled trials of homeopathy. J Clin Epidemiol 1999; 52: 631–6. Fac Hom [internal link]
  25. Oberbaum M, Yaniv I, Ben-Gal Y, et al. A randomized, controlled clinical trial of the homeopathic medication Traumeel S in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced stomatitis in children undergoing stem cell transplantation. Cancer 2001; 92: 684–690. BHA [internal link]
  26. Reilly D, Taylor MA, Beattie NGM, Campbell JH, McSharry C, Aitchison TC, Carter R, Stevenson RD. Is evidence for homoeopathy reproducible? Lancet. 1994;344:1601-1606. BHA, ENHR, Fac Hom [internal link]
  27. Reilly DT, Taylor MA, McSharry C, Aitchison T. Is homeopathy a placebo response? Controlled trial of homeopathic potency, with pollen in hayfever as model. Lancet 1986; ii: 881–885. BHA, ENHR [internal link]
  28. Seeley BM, Denton AB, Ahn MS, Maas CS. Effect of homeopathic Arnica montana on bruising in facelifts: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery 2006; 8: 54–59. BHA [internal link]
  29. Shealy C.N., Thomlinson P.R., Cox R.H., and Bormeyer V. Osteoarthritis Pain: A Comparison of Homoeopathy and Acetaminophen. American Journal of Pain Management, 8, 3, July 1998, 89-91. BHA, ENHR, Fac Hom
  30. Taylor MA, Reilly D, Llewellyn-Jones RH, McSharry C, Aitchison T, Lancaster T, Vickers A.Randomised controlled trial of homeopathy versus placebo in perennial allergic rhinitis with overview of four trial series British Medical Journal 2000; 321: 471-476. BHA, ENHR, Fac Hom [internal link]
  31. van Haselen RA, Fisher PAG. A randomized controlled trial comparing topical piroxicam gel with a homeopathic gel in osteoarthritis of the knee. Rheumatology 2000; 39: 714–719. BHA, Fac Hom [internal link]
  32. Vickers A, Smith C. Homoeopathic Oscillococcinum for preventing and treating influenza and influenza-like syndromes (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2006; CD001957. BHA, Fac Hom [internal link]
  33. Weatherley-Jones E, Nicholl JP, Thomas KJ, et al. A randomized, controlled, triple-blind trial of the efficacy of homeopathic treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2004; 56: 189–197. BHA, Fac Hom
  34. Weiser M, Strösser W, Klein P. Homeopathic vs. conventional treatment of vertigo: a randomized doubleblind controlled clinical study. Archives of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery 1998; 124: 879–885. BHA

Pro-homeopathic Journals:

  1. Aabel S, Laerum E, Dølvik S, Djupesland P. Is homeopathic ‘immunotherapy’ effective? A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with the isopathic remedy Betula 30c for patients with birch pollen allergy. British Homeopathic Journal 2000; 89: 161–168. BHA [internal link]
  2. Ammerschlager H, Klein P, Weiser M, Oberbaum M. Behandlung von Entzündungen im Bereich der oberen Atemwege – Vergleich eines homöopathischen Komplexpräparates mit Xylometazolin [Treatment of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract – comparison of a homeopathic complex remedy with xylometazoline]. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde 2005; 12: 24–31. Non-randomised BHA
  3. Attena, F., et al. Homeopathy in Primary Care: self reported change in health status. Complementary therapies in Medicine Vol 8 No 1. March 2000. ENHR [internal link]
  4. Balzarini A, Felisi E, Martini A, De Conno F. Efficacy of homeopathic treatment of skin reactions during radiotherapy for breast cancer: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial. British Homeopathic Journal 2000; 89: 8–12. BHA [internal link]
  5. Bell IR, Lewis DA, Brooks AJ, et al. Gas discharge visualisation evaluation of ultramolecular doses of homeopathic medicines under blinded, controlled conditions. J Altern Complement Med 2003; 9: 25–38. Fac Hom [internal link]
  6. Bellavite P, Ortolani R, Pontarollo F, et al. Immunology and homeopathy. 4. Clinical studies – Part 2. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2006; 3: 397–409. BHA, Fac Hom [internal link]
  7. Bergmann J, Luft B, Boehmann S, et al. The efficacy of the complex medication Phyto-Hypophyson L in female, hormone-related sterility. A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical double-blind study. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde 2000; 7: 190–199. influenza BHA [nothing available online]
  8. Bignamini M, Saruggia M, Sansonetti G. Homoeopathic treatment of anal fissures using Nitricum acidum. Berlin Journal on Research in Homeopathy 1991; 1: 286–287. BHA [internal link]
  9. Bornhöft G, Wolf U, Ammon K, et al. Effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of homeopathy in general practice – summarized health technology assessment. Forsch Komplementärmed 2006; 13 Suppl 2: 19–29. BHA, Fac Hom [internal link]
  10. Brigo B, Serpelloni G. Homoeopathic treatment of migraines: a randomized double-blind study of sixty cases (homoeopathic remedy versus placebo). Berlin Journal on Research in Homeopathy 1991; 1: 98–106. BHA [internal link]
  11. Brinkhaus B, Wilkens JM, Lüdtke R, et al. Homeopathic arnica therapy in patients receiving knee surgery: results of three randomised double-blind trials. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 2006; 14: 237–246. BHA [internal link]
  12. Cavalcanti AM, Rocha LM, Carillo R Jr, et al. Effects of homeopathic treatment on pruritus of haemodialysis patients: a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial. Homeopathy 2003; 92: 177–181. BHA [internal link]
  13. Central Council of Research in Homoeopathy (Dengue haemorrhagic fever) CCRH News 1996-1997. ENHR
  14. Fisher P. An experimental double-blind clinical trial in homoeopathy. British Homoeopathic Journal 1986; 75: 142-147. ENHR
  15. Fisher P. An experimental double-blind clinical trial method in homoeopathy. Use of a limited range of remedies to treat fibrositis. BrHomeopath J 1986; 75: 142–7. BHA, Fac Hom
  16. Frass M, Linkesch M, Banyai S, et al. Adjunctive homeopathic treatment in patients with severe sepsis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in an intensive care unit. Homeopathy 2005; 94: 75–80. BHA
  17. Frei H, Thurneysen A. Homeopathy in acute otitis media in children: treatment effect or spontaneous resolution? Br Homeopath J 2001; 90: 180–182. ENHR
  18. Gonçalves et al. O uso da homeopatia no tratamento da infecção urinária em ratas. Anais do VIII SINAPIH; 20-22 May, 2004: p.25-26. ENHR
  19. Goossens M, Laekeman G, Aertgeerts B, Buntinx F. Evaluation of the quality of life after individualized homeopathic treatment for seasonal allergic rhinitis. A prospective, open, non-comparative study. Homeopathy 2009; 98: 11–16. Non-randomised BHA
  20. Haidvogl M, Riley DS, Heger M, et al. Homeopathic and conventional treatment for acute respiratory and ear complaints: a comparative study on outcome in the primary care setting. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2007; 7: 7. Non-randomised BHA
  21. Haila S, Koskinen A, Tenovuo J. Effects of homeopathic treatment on salivary flow rate and subjective symptoms in patients with oral dryness: a randomized trial. Homeopathy 2005; 94: 175–181. BHA
  22. Harrison H, Fixsen A, Vickers A. A randomized comparison of homoeopathic, standard care for the treatment of glue ear in children. Compl Therap Med 1999; 7: 132–135. ENHR
  23. Cucherat - same as: - Homeopathic Medicine Research Group. Report to the European Commission directorate general XII: science, research and development. Vol 1 (short version). Brussels: European Commission, 1996:16-7. ENHR
  24. Issing W, Klein P, Weiser M. The homeopathic preparation Vertigoheel versus Ginkgo biloba in the treatment of vertigo in an elderly population: a double-blinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2005; 11: 155–160. BHA
  25. Jacobs J, Jimenez LM, Malthouse S, et al. Homeopathic treatment of acute childhood diarrhoea: results from a clinical trial in Nepal. [alternate title (ENHR) - Acute Childhood Diarrhoea - A Replication] Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2000; 6: 131–139. BHA, ENHR [internal link]
  26. Kuzeff RM. Homeopathy, sensation of well-being and CD4-levels – A placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 1998; 6: 4–9. BHA
  27. Lorenz, I., Schneider, E. M., Stolz, P., Brack, A., & Strube, J. 2003, "Sensitive flow cytometric method to test basophil activation influenced by homeopathic histamine dilutions", Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 316-324. ENHR
  28. Mathie, R. The research evidence base for homeopathy: a fresh assessment of the literature. Homeopathy 92: 84-91. 2003. ENHR
  29. Awdry R. (ME) Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 1996; February, March, April.  ENHR
  30. Oberbaum M, Galoyan N, Lerner-Geva L, et al. The effect of the homeopathic remedies Arnica and Bellis perennis on mild postpartum bleeding – a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study – preliminary results. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 2005; 13: 87–90. BHA
  31. Filliat C. Particularité de l´utilisation de l´homéopathie en production avicole. Annals of the “Entretiens Internationaux de Monaco 2002”, 5-6 October 2002. ENHR
  32. Papp R, Schuback G, Beck E, et al. Oscillococcinum in patients with influenza-like syndromes: a placebo-controlled double-blind evaluation. British Homeopathic Journal 1998; 87: 69–76. BHA [internal link]
  33. Rastogi DP, Singh VP, Singh V, et al. Homeopathy in HIV infection: a trial report of double-blind placebo controlled study. British Homeopathic Journal 1999; 88: 49–57. BHA
  34. Reilly DT, Taylor MA. Potent placebo of potency? A proposed study model with initial findings using homoeopathically prepared pollens in hay fever as a model. British Homoeopathic Journal 1985 ; 74: 65-75. BHA, ENHR
  35. Relton C, Smith C, Raw J, et al. Healthcare provided by a homeopath as an adjunct to usual care for fibromyalgia (FMS): results of a pilot randomised controlled trial. Homeopathy 2009; 98: 77–82. BHA, Fac Hom
  36. Riaucourt A. L´Exemple de la Filière Porcine. Annals of the “Entretiens Internationaux de Monaco 2002”, 5-6 October, 2002. ENHR

  37. Riley D, Fischer M, Singh B, Haidvogl M, Heger M. Homeopathy and conventional medicine: an outcomes study comparing effectiveness in a primary care setting. J Altern Complement Med 2001; 7: 149–159. ENHR
  38. Robertson A, Suryanarayanan R, Banerjee A. Homeopathic Arnica montana for post-tonsillectomy analgesia: a randomised placebo control trial. Homeopathy 2007; 96: 17–21. BHA
  39. Rottey EED, Verleye GB, Liagre RLP. The effect of a homeopathic preparation in the prevention of flu symptoms: a randomized double-blind trial in primary care practice. Tijdschrift Integrale Geneeskunde 1995; 11: 54–58. BHA
  40. Saruggia M, Corghi E. Effects of homoeopathic dilutions of china rubra on intradialytic symptomatology in patients treated with chronic haemodialysis. British Homeopathic Journal 1992; 81: 86-88. BHA
  41. Schneider C, Klein P, Stolt P, Oberbaum M. A homeopathic ointment preparation compared with 1% diclofenac gel for acute symptomatic treatment of tendinopathy. Explore (NY) 2005a; 1: 446–452. Non-randomised BHA
  42. Schneider C, Schneider B, Hanisch J, van Haselen R. The role of a homoeopathic preparation compared with conventional therapy in the treatment of injuries: an observational cohort study. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 2008; 16: 22–27. Non-randomised BHA
  43. Sevar, R. Audit of outcome in 829 consecutive patients treated with homeopathic medicine. British Homeopathic Journal Vol 89 No.4. Oct 2000. ENHR
  44. Sharples F, van Haselen R, Fisher P. NHS patients’ perspective on complementary medicine. Complement Ther Med 2003; 11: 243–8. Fac Hom
  45. Smith SA, Baker AE, Williams JH. Effective treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis using a low dose, oral homeopathic medication consisting of potassium bromide, sodium bromide, nickel sulfate, and sodium chloride in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Alternative Medicine Review 2002; 7: 59–67. BHA [internal link]
  46. Spence D, Thompson E, Barron S. Homeopathic treatment for chronic disease: a 6-year university hospital based outpatient observational study. J Altern Complement Med 2005; 5: 793–8. Fac Hom [Internal link]
  47. Stam C, Bonnet MS, van Haselen RA. The efficacy and safety of a homeopathic gel in the treatment of acute low back pain: a multi-centre, randomized, double-blind comparative clinical trial. British Homeopathic Journal 2001; 90: 21–28. BHA
  48. Steinsbekk A, Fønnebø V, Lewith G, Bentzen N. Homeopathic care for the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections in children: a pragmatic, randomized, controlled trial comparing randomized homeopathic care and waiting-list controls. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 2005a; 13: 231–238. BHA
  49. Steinsbekk, A. Patients' assessments of the effectiveness of homeopathic care in Norway: A prospective observational multicentre outcome study. Homeopathy, Volume 94, Issue 1, January 2005b, Pages 10-16 ENHR
  50. Thompson EA, Reilly D. The homeopathic approach to the treatment of symptoms of oestrogen withdrawal in breast cancer patients. A prospective observational study. Homeopathy. 2003 Jul;92(3):131-4. ENHR
  51. Trichard M, Chaufferin G, Nicoloyannis N. Pharmacoeconomic comparison between homeopathic and antibiotic treatment strategies in recurrent acute rhinopharyngitis in children. Homeopathy. 2005 Jan;94(1):3-9 ENHR
  52. Tveiten D, Bruseth S, Borchgrevink CF, Norseth J. Effects of the homoeopathic remedy Arnica D30 on marathon runners: a randomized, double-blind study during the 1995 Oslo Marathon. Complementary Therapies in Medicine 1998; 6: 71–74. BHA
  53. Walach H, Lowes T, Mussbach D, et al. The long term effects of homeopathic treatment of chronic headaches: one year follow-up and single case time series analysis. British Homeopathic Journal 2001; 90: 63–72. Non-randomised BHA
  54. Weiser M, Clasen B. Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of the clinical efficacy of the homeopathic Euphorbium compositum-S nasal spray in cases of chronic sinusitis. Forschende Komplementärmedizin 1994; 1: 251–259. BHA
  55. Weiser M, Gegenheimer LH, Klein P. A randomized equivalence trial comparing the efficacy and safety of Luffa comp.-Heel nasal spray with cromolyn sodium spray in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde 1999; 6: 142–148. BHA
  56. Wiesenauer M, Lüdtke R. A meta-analysis of the homeopathic treatment of pollinosis with Galphimia glauca. Forschende Komplementärmedizin und Klassische Naturheilkunde 1996; 3: 230–236. BHA, Fac Hom
  57. Witt CM, Bluth M, Albrecht H, et al. The in vitro evidence for an effect of high homeopathic potencies – A systematic review of the literature. Complement Ther Med 2007; 15: 128–38. Fac Hom
  58. Witt CM, Lüdtke R, Willich SN. Homeopathic treatment of chronic headache (ICD-9: 784.0) - a prospective observational study with 2-year follow-up. Forschende Komplementärmedizin 2009b; 16:227–235. Non-randomised BHA
  59. Yakir M, Kreitler S, Brzezinski A, Vithoulkas G, Oberbaum M, Bentwich Z. Effects of homeopathic treatment in women with premenstrual syndrome: a pilot study. Br Homeopath J. 2001 Jul ;90(3): 148-53. BHA, ENHR, Fac Hom
  60. Zabolotnyi DI, Kneis KC, Richardson A, et al. Efficacy of a complex homeopathic medication (Sinfrontal) in patients with acute maxillary sinusitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial. Explore (NY) 2007; 3: 98–109. BHA, Fac Hom

Observational studies or surveys:

  1. Andersen HE, Eldov P. Klassisk hom?opati - og dens brugere. Institut for Samfundsfarmaci, Danmarks Farmaceutiske H?jskole. 1995. Andersen, Helle Egebjerg. En unders?gelse af Klassisk Homøpati. Teorier, praksis og brugererfaringer. 1999. ISBN 87-987279-0-7 ENHR [internal link]
  2. Christie et al - Report on a Homoeopathy Project in an NHS Practice. Covering 18 month period from February 1993 to August 1994. Elizabeth A Christie, Andrew T Ward,. Reprinted February 1997. ENHR
  3. Clark J, Percivall A. A preliminary investigation into the effectiveness of the homeopathic remedy, Ruta graveolens, in the treatment of pain in plantar fasciitis. British Journal of Podiatry 2000; 3: 81–85. BHA - [pilot study]
  4. Hubner R, van Haselen R, Klein P. Effectiveness of the homeopathic preparation Neurexan compared with that of commonly used valerian-based preparations for the treatment of nervousness/restlessness – an observational study. Scientific World Journal 2009; 9: 733–745.  Non-randomised BHA
  5. Relton, C. NHS Homeopathy Menopause Service. Outcome Study. In press. ENHR [link - South Dublin homeopathy]:[link -]
  6. Richardson J. Quasi-randomised control trial to assess the outcome of acupuncture, osteopathy and homoeopathy using the short form 36 item health survey. Health Services Research and Evaluation Unit, The Lewisham Hospital NHS Trust. December 1996. ENHR
  7. Schmiedel V, Klein P. A complex homeopathic preparation for the symptomatic treatment of upper respiratory infections associated with the common cold: An observational study. Explore (NY) 2006; 2: 109–114. Non-randomised BHA
  8. Schroder D, Weiser M, Klein P. Efficacy of a homeopathic Crataegus preparation compared with usual therapy for mild (NYHA II) cardiac insufficiency: results of an observational cohort study. European Journal of Heart Failure 2003; 5: 319–326. Non-randomised BHA
  9. Waldschütz R, Klein P. The homeopathic preparation Neurexan vs. valerian for the treatment of insomnia: an observational study. Scientific World Journal 2009; 8: 411–420. Non-randomised BHA
  10. Homoeopathy within the NHS. Evaluation of homoeopathic treatment of common mental health problems. 1995 - 1997. Alistair Dempster,. Rydings Hall Surgery, Brighouse, West Yorkshire. ISBN No 1901262014. ENHR

Non-English language:

  1. Alibeu JP, Jobert J. Homeopathic therapy with Aconite for post-operative pain-agitation syndrome. Pédiatrie 1990; 45: 465–466. BHA [internal link]
  2. Berrebi A, Parant O, Ferval F, et al. Treatment of pain due to unwanted lactation with a homeopathic preparation given in the immediate post-partum period. Journal de gynécologie, obstétrique et biologie de la reproduction 2001; 30: 353–357. BHA [internal link]
  3. Werk W, Lehmann M, Galland F. Comparative controlled trial on the effect of the homeopathic botanical medicinal product Helianthus tuberosus D1 as an adjuvant in the treatment of obesity. Therapiewoche 1994; 44: 34–39. BHA
  4. Wiesenauer M, Gaus W, Häussler S. Treatment of pollinosis with the homeopathic preparation Galphimia glauca. A double-blind trial in clinical practice. Allergologie 1990; 13: 359–363. BHA
  5. Wiesenauer M, Häussler S, Gaus W. Treatment of pollinosis with Galphimia glauca. Fortschritte der Medizin 1983; 101: 811–814. BHA
  6. Zell J, Connert WD, Mau J, Feuerstake G. Treatment of acute sprains of the ankle. Controlled doubleblind trial to test the effectiveness of a homeopathic ointment. Fortschritte der Medizin 1988; 106: 96–100. BHA, Fac Hom
  7. Schneider B, Klein P, Weiser M. Treatment of vertigo with a homeopathic complex remedy compared with usual treatments: a meta-analysis of clinical trials. Arzneimittelforschung 2005b; 55: 23–29. BHA, Fac Hom
  8. Rahlfs VW, Mössinger P. Asa foetida in the treatment of the irritable colon – a double-blind trial. Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift 1978; 104: 140–143. BHA
  9. Bordes LR, Dorfman P. Evaluation of the antitussive effect of Drosetux syrup: double-blind study versus placebo. Cahiers d’ORL 1986; 21: 731–734 BHA [internal link]
  10. Diefenbach M, Schilken J, Steiner G, Becker HJ. Homeopathic therapy in respiratory tract diseases. Evaluation of a clinical study in 258 patients. Z Allgemeinmed 1997; 73: 308–14. BHA, Fac Hom

Books, editorials, opinion pieces:

  1. Bastide M (ed). Signals and Images. Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997: 161-170 ENHR
  2. Anon. Reilly’s challenge (editorial). Lancet 1994; Vol. 344 no. 1585. ENHR [citation - science direct, the Lancet]


  1. Derasse M, Klein P, Weiser M. The effects of a complex homeopathic medicine compared with acetaminophen in the symptomatic treatment of acute febrile infections in children: an observational study. Explore (NY) 2005; 1: 33–39. Non-randomised BHA
  2. Friese K-H, Kruse S, Ludtke R, Moeller H "Homeopathic treatment of otitis media in children: comparisons with conventional therapy". International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1997; 35: 296-301. Non-randomised BHA, ENHR
  3. Güthlin C, Lange O and Walach H. Measuring the effects of acupuncture and homoeopathy in general practice: An uncontrolled prospective documentation approach. BMC Public Health 2004, 4:6. ENHR
  4. Maiwald VL, Weinfurtner T, Mau J, Connert WD. Treatment of common cold with a combination homeopathic preparation compared with acetylsalicylic acid. A controlled, randomized single-blind study. Arzneimittelforschung 1988; 38: 578–582. BHA
  5. Müller-Krampe B, Oberbaum M, Dipl-Math PK, Weiser M. Effects of Spascupreel versus hyoscine butylbromide for gastrointestinal cramps in children. Pediatrics International 2007; 49: 328–334. Non-randomised BHA
  6. Rabe A, Weiser M, Klein P. Effectiveness and tolerability of a homoeopathic remedy compared with conventional therapy for mild viral infections. International Journal of Clinical Practice 2004; 58: 827–832. Non-randomised BHA
  7. Witt CM, Lüdtke R, Baur R, Willich SN. Homeopathic treatment of patients with chronic low back pain: a prospective observational study with 2 years’ follow-up. Clinical Journal of Pain 2009a; 25: 334–339. Non-randomised BHA
  8. Witt CM, Lüdtke R, Willich SN. Homeopathic treatment of patients with chronic sinusitis: a prospective observational study with 8 years follow-up. BMC Ear Nose and Throat Disorders 2009c; 9: 7. Non-randomised BHA
  9. Witt CM, Lüdtke R, Willich SN. Homeopathic treatment of patients with dysmenorrhea: a prospective observational study with 2 years follow-up. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2009d; 280: 603–611. Non-randomised BHA
  10. Witt CM, Lüdtke R, Willich SN. Homeopathic treatment of patients with psoriasis - a prospective observational study with 2 years follow-up. Journal of the European Acadamy [sic] of Dermatology and Venereology 2009e; 23: 538–543. Non-randomised BHA

Not related to clinical homeopathy:

  1. Elia V, Niccoli M. Thermodynamics of extremely diluted aqueous solutions. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1999; 879: 241–8. Fac Hom
  2. Rey L. Thermoluminescence of ultra-high dilutions of lithium chloride and sodium chloride, Physica (A) 2003; 323: 67–74. Fac Hom